Derry, a county of Ireland, province of Ulster, 40 m. long and 31 broad, bounded W by Donegal, N by the ocean, S and SW by Tyrone, and E by Antrim, containing 511,688 English acres, divided into 31 parishes. It sends 4 members to parliament. 1/4 seems to be bleak mountains and glens, and 1/2 of the remainder is mountainous. Potatoes are the principal crop; and in some parts oats, barley, flax, and rye, and some wheat are cultivated. Chief rivers, the Foyle or Green river, the Bann or White river, the Faughan, and the Roe. The linen manufacture flourishes through every part of the county. Derry (Holiday Cottages, Derry, Ireland) is home to the Sperrin Mountains.
Originally part of the region known as T� Eoghain, “Eoghan’s land”, after one of the sons of the semi-legendary Niall of the Nine Hostages, much of the land remained in the hands of the O’Kanes (or O’Cahans) until the seventeenth century. In 1610, under some duress from James I, the livery companies of the city of London agreed to oversee the colonisation of the area, and in 1610 the county of Londonderry was established. The old inhabitants were expropriated, new towns established and an influx of English and Scottish settlers began. Understandably under the circumstances, the name of the city and county remains somewhat sensitive, “Derry” to the descendants of the old Gaelic and Catholic natives, “Londonderry” to the descendants of the settlers.
Surnames associated with the county include Doherty, McLaughlin, Gallagher, McCloskey, Kane, Kelly, Coyle, Moore, Bradley and Campbell
Chief Towns in County Derry (Bed and Breakfasts, Derry, Ireland) are Londonderry, Coleraine, Limavady, Dungiven, Maghera and Magherafelt.
Part of inner Ulster County Derry (Holiday Homes, Derry, Ireland) enjoyed higher and earlier rates of urbanization and industrialization (based on linen and shirt- making) than areas further west and relatively less disruption during and after the Great Famine. Emigration from County Derry began in 1718 when the so-called Ulster Scots emigrated to New England and later to Pennsylvania. The chief ports of arrival for emigrants through Derry (Holiday Apartments, Derry, Ireland) were New York and Philadelphia in the USA and Quebec and St John, New Brunswick, Canada. Throughout the 19th century there was mass emigration through the port of Derry from Counties Derry, Donegal and Tyrone. From the early 1700s to the onset of the Second World War in 1939, when the last transatlantic passenger steamer sailed from the port, Derry was one of the principal emigration ports in Ireland.
County Derry or Londonderry Genealogy Centre, Heritage Library, 14 Bishop St, Derry City, County Londonderry, Northern Ireland
The Genealogy Centre in Derry (Accommodation, Derry, Ireland) City is the designated Irish Family History Foundation Centre for County Derry (also known as Londonderry). The centre has built up a database, which stands at over 1 million entries, of the major civil and church records for County Derry and the Inishowen Peninsula, County Donegal. They undertake commissioned research through this database.
The main records include:
Roman Catholic records, the earliest of which date from 1773
Church of Ireland records (Anglican/Episcopalian) commence in 1642
Presbyterian records from 1703
Civil birth and marriage records up to 1922
Griffith’s Valuation of 1858/1859
Tithe Books of 1823 – 1837
1796 Flax Growers Lists
1766 Religious Census
1740 Protestant Householders Lists
1663 Hearth Money Rolls